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SSS Theorem

SSS Theorem

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Understanding the SSS Theorem: Determining Congruent Triangles Made Easy

Have you ever encountered two triangles that may seem different, but you're unsure if they are actually identical in shape and size? And if they are, do you need to compare all sides and angles to prove their congruence? That's where the SSS theorem comes in, making it simple to determine the congruence of triangles.

What is the SSS Theorem?

The SSS theorem states that if two triangles have the same shape and size, then they are congruent. This means that their corresponding angles and sides are equal. Using theorems, we can test the congruence of triangles without having to examine every angle and side. The SSS theorem is specifically designed to focus on the sides of a triangle.

The SSS Congruence Theorem

The SSS congruence theorem defines the relationship between two triangles based on their sides. In simple terms, if all three sides of two triangles are equal, then the triangles are congruent. Mathematically, this can be represented as: if ΔABC ≅ ΔPQR, then AB = PQ, BC = QR, and AC = PR.

Applying the SSS Criterion

To determine the congruence of two triangles using the SSS criterion, we can simply swap out the sides of one triangle with those of the other. If the corresponding sides match, then the two triangles are congruent and can be represented using the congruency symbol.

Illustrative Examples of SSS Congruence

Let's explore some examples of SSS congruence to better understand it. Given two triangles, ΔABC and ΔDEF, we can observe that their corresponding sides are equal, with AB = DE, BC = EF, and AC = DF. Therefore, using the SSS congruence theorem, we can conclude that the triangles are indeed congruent.

The SSS Similarity Theorem

Sometimes, two triangles may not be congruent, but they may have a similar shape and proportional sides. In such cases, we can use the SSS similarity theorem to determine their similarity. This theorem states that two triangles are similar if their corresponding sides are proportional.

Proving Similarity Using the SSS Theorem

To prove the similarity of two triangles using the SSS theorem, we first establish that the corresponding angles are congruent, and then use the knowledge of proportional sides. This can be achieved by constructing a parallel line to a given side of the triangle, and then applying the parallel postulate. The following figure illustrates this concept.

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