# Composite Functions

## Understanding Composite Functions: Simplifying Operations with Multiple Functions

A composite function is the combination of two or more functions. This method is commonly used to transform numbers from one set to another. For example, if we have a function that maps numbers from set A to set B and another function that maps numbers from set B to set C, we can use a composite function to directly map numbers from set A to set C. The diagram below illustrates this concept:

• Composite functions allow for mapping between sets

It's important to remember these key properties of composite functions:

• In a composite function, the inside function is always performed first, and its output becomes the input for the outside function
• The domain of a composite function is determined by the domain of the first function applied
• When combining two functions, a single input is used, and the output of both functions is obtained
• To find the value of a composite function, we input a value into the original function and then use the resulting output as the input for all other functions

Let's go through an example to see how this process works:

Imagine we have the functions f(x) = 2x + 1 and g(x) = x^2, and we want to find the value of f(g(3)). First, we calculate g(3) = 9. Next, we use this value as the input for f(x), giving us f(9) = 19. Therefore, f(g(3)) = 19.

Composite functions can become more complex when dealing with quadratic, trigonometric, and reciprocal functions. However, the process remains the same as with simpler linear examples. Let's look at a few more worked examples:

• To find the value of f(g(x)), where f(x) = 1/x and g(x) = sin(x), we first calculate g(x) = 1/sin(x). Then, we use this as the input for f(x), resulting in f(1/sin(x)).
• Consider the functions f(x) = 2x + 1 and g(x) = x^2. To find the value of f(g(4)), we start by calculating g(4) = 16. Next, we use this value as the input for f(x), resulting in f(16) = 33. Therefore, f(g(4)) = 33.

Key Takeaways:

• Composite functions are created by combining two or more functions
• The inside function is always performed first in a composite function
• The domain of a composite function is determined by the first function applied
• To find the value, we input a value into the original function and then use the resulting output as the input for all other functions