# Fractional Ratio

## Understanding the Relationship Between Fractions and Ratios in GCSE Mathematics

When working through GCSE mathematics problems, it is common to encounter situations where we are required to express our answers as fractions or ratios. The ability to convert between these two forms is crucial. In this article, we will delve into the differences between fractions and ratios, and learn the steps to convert between them.

### Difference Between Fractions and Ratios

Both fractions and ratios are useful for comparing two quantities. However, they convey the information in different ways. A ratio emphasizes the difference in size between two numbers, while a fraction indicates the proportion of one number to another. Essentially, they convey the same concept but are expressed differently. For instance, the ratio 2:3 and the fraction 2/5 both show the relationship of 2 out of 5 parts.

Let's explore some examples of fractions and ratios in action.

#### Example 1

In a classroom, the ratio of girls to boys is 2:3. This means that for every 5 students, 2 are girls and 3 are boys. We can also say that the fraction of girls is 2/5 and the fraction of boys is 3/5.

#### Example 2

Suppose a string is cut in the ratio of 1:4, and the original length is 5 cm. This results in a shorter piece of 1 cm and a longer piece of 4 cm. In fraction form, this can be written as 1/5 and 4/5 respectively.

#### Example 3

Imagine a bag of sweets with 3 blue and 7 orange sweets. The ratio of blue to orange sweets is 3:7. In fraction form, this would be 3/10 and 7/10.

As demonstrated, fractions and ratios can be used interchangeably to represent the same information. Therefore, do not be confused if you come across both forms being used together.

### Fraction to Ratio Conversion

Converting a fraction to a ratio is a simple process that involves a few steps.

#### Step 1: Identify the Fraction

First, we need to determine the fraction for each quantity. For example, if we have a bag with red, blue, and orange counters, we need to find the fraction for each color.

#### Step 2: Arrange the Fractions in Order

Next, we put the fractions in the order specified in the ratio, separated by colons.

#### Step 3: Simplify the Ratio

Finally, we multiply each component of the ratio by a number to make them whole numbers.

### Fraction to Ratio Conversion Examples

#### Example 1

On a school trip, 2/5 of the students go to a museum while the rest go to an art gallery. What is the ratio of students who go to the museum to the art gallery?

Solution: Since 2/5 go to the museum, the remaining 3/5 must go to the art gallery. Writing this as a ratio, we have 2:3. To simplify, we can multiply both sides by 3, giving us a ratio of 6:9. Therefore, for every student who goes to the museum, there are 2 students who go to the art gallery.

#### Example 2

In a cinema, 3/5 of the audience are adults and the rest are children. What is the ratio of adults to children?

Solution: Since 3/5 are adults, 2/5 must be children. Writing this as a ratio, we have 3:2. To simplify, we can multiply both sides by 6, giving us a ratio of 18:12. Therefore, for every 18 adults, there are 12 children in the audience.

#### Example 3

In a bag of sweets, 2/3 are red, 1/6 are green, and the remaining are orange. What is the ratio of red to green to orange sweets?

Solution: The sum of red and green sweets is 2/3 + 1/6 = 1/2. This means that 1/2 of the sweets are orange. Writing this as a ratio, we have 2:1:3. To convert to whole numbers, we can multiply each component by 6, resulting in a ratio of 12:6:18. Therefore, for every 12 red sweets, there are 6 green sweets and 18 orange sweets.

### Ratio to Fraction Conversion

Converting from a ratio to a fraction is just as simple.

#### Example

Let's say we have a ratio of 3:5. To convert this to a fraction, we simply add the values together to get 3/5. We can also reverse this process by dividing the values to get a ratio from a fraction.

Being able to convert between fractions and ratios is a valuable skill in GCSE mathematics. With this knowledge, you can confidently approach questions that require you to express your answers in either form. Keep practicing and you'll become proficient in converting between fractions and ratios in no time!

## Understanding Ratio Conversion to Fractions Made Easy

Converting ratios to fractions may seem like a challenging task, but it is actually a straightforward process. To do this, we simply add together the parts of the ratio to get the total, which will become the denominator of the fractions. Each part of the ratio will then be the numerator of the different fractions. Let's delve into some examples to make this clear.

## Examples of Converting Ratios to Fractions

For instance, in a reception class, the ratio of students to teachers is 5:1. By adding 5 and 1, we get a total of 6. This means that 5/6 of the class are students and 1/6 are teachers. In a company setting, the ratio of female employees to male employees is 2:3. When we add 2 and 3, we get 5. Therefore, 2/5 of the employees are female and 3/5 are male. A piece of string cut into three pieces in the ratio 1:2:3 means that the smallest piece is 1/6 of the original, the middle piece is 2/6, and the largest piece is 3/6.

## Converting Fractions and Ratios to Percentages

We can also convert fractions and ratios to percentages with ease. For example, in a school, the ratio of boys to girls taking A-Level English is 3:7. This means that 3/10 or 30% of the students taking A-Level English are boys. In another scenario, at a fair with a total of 300 attendees, the ratio of adults to children is 1:2. This implies that 2/3 of the attendees are children. Moreover, 20% of the children (which is 40 of them) are under the age of 6 and receive free entry.

## Insights on Fractional Ratios

Fractional ratios are widely used in other topics in GCSE mathematics, such as vectors. Let's examine two vector questions that employ fractional ratios.

In a triangle DEF, vector AB and vector BC. Point A cuts the line DF at a ratio of 1:2. We can determine vector AC by first finding vector AB (which is 1/3 of vector AD) and then using the fact that AC = AB + BC. In the quadrilateral GHIJ, point K cuts vector GH at a ratio of 1:2. With this information, we can find an expression for vector GK by setting it equal to 1/3 of vector GH as we know that KG = GH - GK.

## Mastering Fractional Ratios

• A ratio compares two quantities.
• A fraction tells us how much something is a proportion of something else.
• Fractions and ratios convey the same concept, but in different forms of notation.
• We can convert ratios to fractions and vice versa.
• Fractional ratios come in handy when studying vectors.

## How to Determine a Ratio of Fractions

To determine a ratio of fractions, we simply write each fraction in the specified order with colons separating them. Then, we can multiply each component of the ratio by a number to turn each part into an integer.

## Solving Ratio Problems Involving Fractions

When solving ratio problems that involve fractions, it's usually more convenient to convert the ratio to a fraction. This entails adding together the parts of the ratio to get the denominator and using the individual parts as the numerators. From there, we can simplify the fraction as necessary.

## Converting Ratios to Fractions Made Simple

So, are ratios and fractions the same? Yes, they are! They both represent the same concept of comparing quantities but are expressed differently. With these helpful tips and examples, you'll become a pro at converting ratios to fractions in no time.

## Determining a Ratio of Three Fractions

To determine a ratio of three fractions, we simply write them in the specified order with colons separating them. Then, we can multiply each component of the ratio by a number to turn them into integers. This will give us the desired ratio of fractions.

## Multiplying Fractions with Different Parts

To multiply fractions with different parts, we need to first write them together with colons separating them. For example, if we have the fractions 2/3, 4/5, and 1/8, we would write them as 2:3, 4:5, and 1:8.

Next, we can multiply each fraction by a number that gives an integer part to each part of the ratio. This means that the numerator and denominator of each fraction should be whole numbers.

Let's use the example fractions from before and multiply them by 2. This would give us 4:6, 8:10, and 2:16.

## Simplifying and Multiplying Fractions: A Basic Guide

If you ever feel intimidated by fractions, fear not! With a simple understanding of how to simplify and multiply fractions, you'll become a pro in no time. Let's break it down step by step.

First, we need to find the greatest common factor (GCF) of the fractions we want to simplify. For example, if we have 2:3, 4:5, and 1:8, the GCF would be 2. We can then divide both the numerator and denominator of each fraction by 2 to simplify them to 2:3, 2:5, and 1:4.

Now that our fractions are simplified, we can multiply them just like regular multiplication. The product of the original fractions will be the resulting fraction.

Let's use our simplified fractions from earlier and multiply them: 2/3 x 2/5 x 1/4 = 2 x 2 x 1 / 3 x 5 x 4 = 4/60 = 1/15. So, the product of our fractions is 1/15.

Remember, it's important to always simplify fractions first before multiplying them, especially if they have different parts. This helps us avoid errors and get the correct answer. Keep practicing this method with different fractions to become more comfortable with it.