# Inequalities Maths

## The Concept of Inequalities in Mathematics

In the world of mathematics, inequalities are essential expressions that demonstrate the relationship between two terms, indicating whether one is less than, less than or equal to, greater than, or greater than or equal to the other.

An example of an inequality is **x + 1 > 3**, which translates to **x** plus 1 is **greater than** 3. Inequalities are commonly denoted by symbols such as **<** for less than, **<=** for less than or equal to, **>** for greater than, and **>=** for greater than or equal to.

**The Properties of Inequalities:**

**Commutative Property:**The order of terms in an inequality does not change its meaning.**A > B**is equivalent to**B < A**.**Addition and Subtraction Properties:**Adding or subtracting the same number to both sides of an inequality does not alter its relationship.**A > B**is equivalent to**A + C > B + C**.**Multiplication and Division Properties:**Multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a positive number does not change its relationship. However, when multiplying or dividing by a negative number, the inequality symbol must be reversed.

**The Two Types of Inequalities:**

The two main types of inequalities are linear and quadratic.

**Linear Inequalities:** These are inequalities where the highest power of the variable is 1. An example is **x + 2 < 7**.

**Quadratic Inequalities:** These are inequalities where the highest power of the variable is 2. An example is **x^2 - 6x + 8 > 0**.

**Solving Inequalities:**

When solving inequalities, the steps to follow will vary depending on whether they are linear or quadratic.

**Solving Linear Inequalities:**

When solving linear inequalities, it is important to remember the following:

- When multiplying or dividing both sides by a negative number, the inequality symbol must be reversed.
- If x is in the denominator of a fraction, the inequality cannot be multiplied by x. Instead, a positive number must be multiplied, keeping the inequality true.

**Examples of Solving Linear Inequalities:**

- 1)
**x - 5 > 8**

Isolate x:**x > 13**

Set notation:**{x: x > 13}** - 2)
**2x + 2 < 16**

Isolate x:**x < 7**

Set notation:**{x: x < 7}** - 3)
**5 - x < 19**

Isolate x:**x > -14**

Set notation:**{x: x > -14}**

**Solving Quadratic Inequalities:**

To solve quadratic inequalities, follow these steps:

- Rearrange the terms to the left side of the inequality, leaving 0 on the other side.
- If necessary, combine like terms and expand brackets.
- Find the critical values by factoring.
- Use a table or graph to determine where the inequality is positive or negative.

**Representing Inequalities Graphically:**

To represent inequalities graphically, consider the graphs that they relate to. The solution to an inequality will be the values that satisfy the inequality and are represented on the graph.

Now with a better understanding of inequalities, solving equations and inequalities in future math problems will be a breeze.

## Representing Inequalities Graphically

In mathematics, we often encounter problems that require us to find and shade the region that satisfies multiple linear and quadratic inequalities simultaneously. One effective approach is to graphically represent all the inequalities and identify the overlapping region. Here are some key tips to keep in mind when graphing inequalities:

- If an inequality includes
**<**or**>**, the corresponding line on the graph should be dotted to indicate that it is not included in the solution region. - If an inequality includes
**≤**or**≥**, the corresponding line on the graph should be solid to indicate that it is included in the solution region.

As an example, let's consider the inequalities **y + x < 5** and **y ≥ x²**. The first inequality uses **<**, so its graph would be represented with a dotted line. The second inequality uses **≥**, so it should be represented with a solid line. By shading the region where both inequalities are satisfied, we can see that the solution is the blue region.

**Understanding Inequalities in Maths - Key Insights**

- Inequalities indicate the relationship between two terms, such as one being less than, less than or equal to, greater than, or greater than or equal to the other.
- They can be manipulated using similar techniques as equations, but some additional rules must be considered.
- When multiplying or dividing inequalities by a negative number, the inequality symbol must be reversed.
- The solution to an inequality is the set of all real numbers that satisfy the inequality.
- A number line can be used to represent multiple inequalities simultaneously and identify the values that satisfy all of them.
- To solve quadratic inequalities, we can use methods like factorizing, completing the square, or using the quadratic formula to find the critical values needed to draw the corresponding graph and determine the solution.

## Frequently Asked Questions about Inequalities in Maths

**Q: What is an inequality equation?**

A: An inequality equation is a mathematical expression that uses symbols like **<**, **≤**, **>**, or **≥** instead of **=** to indicate the relationship between two terms.

**Q: How do you solve inequalities in Maths?**

A: To solve inequalities, we must isolate the variable and combine like terms, similar to solving equations. The solution is the set of all real numbers that make the inequality true. Keep in mind the additional rules, such as reversing the symbol when multiplying or dividing by a negative number.

**Q: What does inequality mean in Maths?**

A: In Maths, inequality describes the comparison between two terms using symbols like **<**, **≤**, **>**, or **≥**.

**Q: What are the four types of inequalities in Maths?**

A: The four types of inequalities are **<** (less than), **≤** (less than or equal to), **>** (greater than), and **≥** (greater than or equal to).

**Q: What are the properties of inequalities in Maths?**

A: The properties of inequalities in Maths include addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, transitivity, and comparison.