Cell Differentiation

Cell Differentiation

Cell Differentiation

Cell differentiation refers to the process in which cells in an organism take on different functions. This means that not all cells in an organism are the same or perform the same job. The structure of a cell is determined by its function, and this can vary greatly between different types of cells. As a result of differentiation, there are many different cell structures throughout an organism. If you're interested in biology, you might find the process of cell differentiation fascinating!

What is cellular differentiation?

Cell differentiation is the process by which a cell transforms into a specialized cell to perform a specific function. As a cell creates new structures inside itself, it can become a variety of different types of cells. Once an organism matures, most animal cells lose the ability to differentiate, but many plant cells maintain this capacity throughout their lives. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can transform into specialized cells as part of the differentiation process.

As an organism develops from a zygote to a complex system of tissues and cell types, numerous rounds of differentiation occur. Adult stem cells continue to differentiate as they divide to produce fully specialized daughter cells during tissue repair and regular cell turnover. During differentiation, a cell's size, shape, membrane potential, metabolic activity, and receptivity to signals can all change significantly. These changes in gene expression, which are the subject of the study of epigenetics, are primarily responsible for these alterations. Despite having the same genome, various cells can have very different physical properties due to differences in metabolic composition.  

Examples of Cell Differentiation

Examples of Cell Differentiation
Examples of Cell Differentiation


Cell Differentiation

Give at least 5 examples of cell differentiation.

Accept any of the following:

1.      Sex cell

2.      Muscle cell

3.      Fat cell

4.      Bone cell

5.      Blood cell

6.      Nervous cell

7.      Epithelial cell

8.      Immune cell


What are undifferentiated cells referred to as?

Stem cells

What do stem cells change into?

To another different cell.

Summarise cell differentiation.

Cellular differentiation is the process in which a stem cell alters from one type to a differentiated one

Join Shiken For FREE

Gumbo Study Buddy

Try Shiken Premium
for Free

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime.
Get Started
The first 14 days are on us
96% of learners report x2 faster learning
Free hands-on onboarding & support
Cancel Anytime