Part of the acute coronary syndrome spectrum of conditions that result from acute myocardial ischaemia
Atheromatous plaque rupture and partial luminal obstruction by thrombus
Levine’s sign, diaphoresis, dyspnoea
Central chest heaviness or tightness, heavy arms, nausea, and breathlessness. Beware ‘atypical’ presentations- symptoms may occur with increasing frequency or severity, at rest or be new onset and severe
Bloods: FBC, U&E, lipid profile, blood glucose, serial troponin (presence indicates NSTEMI while absence indicates unstable angina).
ECG: ST depression or T-wave inversion
Risk stratification: TIMI or Grace Risk Scores
Analgesia and oxygen as required
Aspirin, clopidogrel or prasugrel
Low molecular weight heparin
Coronary angioplasty or surgery
Secondary prevention (including a statin and ACE inhibitor)
Hospital mortality in NSTEMI is 3-5%, and 13% at six months Unstable angina/NSTEMI associated with high incidence of late events.
Arrhythmias, LV failure, sudden death, RV failure, pericarditis, systemic embolism of mural thrombus, pulmonary embolism, mitral regurgitation, Dressler’s syndrome, depression and anxiety
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