Industrial Lung Disease

Industrial Lung Disease

Pathology:                   Lung fibrosissecondary to inflammation caused by inhaled particles


Aetiology:                     Coal workers pneumoconiosis: coal dustparticles

Silicosis: silica particles, found in many industriesincluding metal mining, quarrying and ceramics manufacturing

Asbestosis: asbestosis fibres, previously used as a commonmaterial for fireproofing and insulation


Symptoms:                  Maybe asymptomatic, progressive dyspnoea


Signs:                              Fingerclubbing, end inspiratory crackles.


Investigations:          Spirometry: Restrictive defect.

Chest X-Ray: Interstitial changes, pleural plaques withasbestos exposure


Treatment:                  Avoidcausative particles, otherwise supportive treatment.


Complications:          Patientsexposed to asbestos are at a much greater risk of developing bronchial carcinomaand malignant mesothelioma.

Patientswith silicosis are at increased risk of developing tuberculosis


Prognosis:                    Dependson degree of fibrosis

Patientswith industrial lung disease are often eligible to claim compensation throughthe Industrial Injuries Act

Join Shiken For FREE

Gumbo Study Buddy

Explore More Subject Explanations

Try Shiken Premium
for Free

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime.
Get Started
The first 14 days are on us
96% of learners report x2 faster learning
Free hands-on onboarding & support
Cancel Anytime