Two main pathological processes are seen in acute gastroenteritis:
Both features may coexist with the same pathogen.
The main symptoms of acute gastroenteritis are anorexia, nausea and vomiting (especially in the first 24 hours), abdominal colic, diarrhoea, and fever.
Some of the physical signs of acute gastroenteritis are dehydration, fever, borborygmi, and abdominal tenderness.
Treatment of acute gastroenteritis usually consists of rehydration, which can be done orally with an rehydration solution, intravenously with IV fluids, and monitoring of fluid balance.
Complications of acute gastroenteritis may include dehydration and bacteraemic spread.
Frequent cause of infant mortality in developing countries, prognosis is an unavoidable and somber thought for many families. In adults, most are able to recover within a period of four days, although this is not guaranteed for all cases.
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