Semitendinosus Muscle

Semitendinosus Muscle

Upgrade to Shiken Premium Call To Action Banner

The Semitendinosus Muscle

The semitendinosus is a muscle located in the posterior compartment of the thigh. It is situated on the medial side of the back of the thigh, above the semimembranosus muscle. Anatomically, it originates from the ischial tuberosity of the pelvis and attaches to the medial surface of the tibia.

Functionality of the Semitendinosus

The main purpose of the semitendinosus is to flex the leg at the knee joint, extend the thigh at the hip, and medially rotate the thigh at the hip joint as well as the leg at the knee joint.

Innervation and Blood Supply of Semitendinosus

The semitendinosus muscle is innervated by the tibial part of the sciatic nerve, and is mainly supplied with blood from the profunda femoris artery.

Benefits of Semitendinosus Strengthening

Strengthening the semitendinosus can have a number of beneficial effects. This muscle helps to stabilize and support the knee joint, increasing balance while running or walking. Strengthening the semitendinosus can also help improve performance in activities that require a great deal of leg strength, such as running, jumping, and cycling.

Incorporating exercises that target the semitendinosus into a regular exercise program can help to improve leg strength and stability, reduce the risk of injury, and improve overall athletic performance. Exercises that can be used to strengthen the semitendinosus include:

  • Leg Extension Machine: Sit in the leg extension machine, and select a weight that is light enough to enable you to complete 8-10 repetitions with proper form.
  • Lying Leg Curls: Lie face down on the leg curl machine, and select a weight that is light enough to enable you to complete 8-10 repetitions with proper form.
  • Squats: Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, and lower your body as if sitting down on an invisible chair. Keep your back straight and your weight in your heels as you descend, then straighten your legs to return to the starting position. Make sure to keep your knees in line with your toes throughout the movement.
  • Step-Ups: Find a step or ledge that is around knee-height, and place one foot onto the step. Push up through your heel to lift your body, and step forward with the other foot so you are standing up straight. Step back down with the first foot, and repeat the exercise with your opposite leg.

When performing these exercises, it is important to maintain proper form and breathe steadily throughout the movements. In addition, it is important to focus on muscle contractions in order to ensure that the semitendinosus is being adequately targeted. With regular practice, you will be able to feel the muscles of the semitendinosus engage and become stronger.

Overall, the semitendinosus is an important muscle in the posterior compartment of the thigh. Understanding its functionality, innervation, and blood supply can help you to better target the muscle with specific exercises and reap the benefits of increased leg strength and stability.

Explore More Subject Explanations

Try Shiken Premium
for Free

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime.
Get Started
Join 10,000+ learners worldwide.
The first 14 days are on us
96% of learners report x2 faster learning
Free hands-on onboarding & support
Cancel Anytime