The neck is a complex region of anatomy, and its surface can be used to separate two main regions: the anterior and posterior triangles. Both of these areas are located bilaterally and contain subdivisions that show the location of specific structures.
The anterior triangle is created by the inferior border of the mandible, the anterior border of sternocleidomastoid, and a sagittal midline plane in the neck. It consists of four main subdivisions:
The posterior triangle is formed by the anterior border of trapezius, the posterior border of sternocleidomastoid, and the superior border of the clavicle. This region is divided into two subdivisions by the inferior belly of omohyoid: the larger occipital triangle and the smaller subclavian triangle.
The neck is an intricate region of the anatomy, and a careful study of its surface anatomy is essential for a true understanding of the muscular and vascular structures found within. By delineating the anterior and posterior triangles, and further demarcating the various subdivisions of each region, the complex network of essential structures of the neck can be clearly visualised.
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